Basenjis are a natural breed and are relatively healthy. Like all breeds, there are disorders that may occur more often in this breed than in dogs in general, or that are uncommon but known or suspected to be inherited. When evaluating health information, it is important to distinguish between the need for concern in planning breeding and evaluating its consequences for breed health, versus the likelihood of encountering the disorder in a pet. Health testing is important for the gene pool, not just for individual dogs that will be bred, to insure we have a good handle on overall gene pool health. General Health Issues covers questions regarding eyes, hips, hernias, thyroid and cardiac testing in a PDF.
Other links of note are in regards to Fanconi Syndrome, a late-onset kidney problem. In August of 2011 a new direct DNA test for Fanconi was discovered by Dr. Gary Johnson with funding help from the Basenji Health Endowment.
Responses to Frequently Asked Questions about the Fanconi syndrome DNA test are here. While breeders are now able to test for Fanconi before a breeding takes place, there are still Basenjis who were born before the test became available who may develop the syndrome. The Fanconi Protocol, a way to maintain afflicted dogs, is for those dogs and owners.
Breeders and those thinking of breeding Basenjis should study the Fanconi syndrome test information at the OFA website.
Additionally breeders should understand other OFA registrations for evaluations of hips, elbows and thyroid.
CERF sets standards and keeps records of eye examinations.